四级阅读备考:看懂连接词

cet4v.com接语,就能更好地了解一篇阅读理解的思路,所以了解这些连接词与连接语的不同功能,做阅读题时你也能拥有更清晰的框架,锁定重点。

  连接词与连接语可以分为以下三类:
  1. 表明事件发生的时间顺序:根据这些词理清事物的发展顺序
  then, first, at once, next, after that, previously(先前), while, when, the following day, etc.

  2. 表明文章的组织结构:
  1) 罗列(Listing): firstly, in the first place, secondly, thirdly, last/finally, etc.
  2) 阐述,举例(Illustrating): for example/ for instance, to illustrate, an example/ instance of this is, let’s take….., take…. for example, etc.
  3) 重申,进一步说明(Re-stating): in other words, that is to say, to put it another way, let me put it this way, or rather, namely, etc.
  4) 谈及,提及(Referring): in this respect, in that connection, as we said, apart from this, etc.
  5) 返回之前话题(resuming): to resume, to return to the previous point, getting back to the argument, etc.
  6) 总结(Summarizing):文章主旨观点句一般都出现在以下词之后
  to sum up, in short, it amounts to this, what I have been saying is this, etc.
  7) 强调(Emphasizing): it is worth noting, I would like to direct your attention to, let us consider, we must now turn to, I shall begin by, etc.

  3. 表明作者的观点、态度
  1) 进一步论证观点(Introducing further evidence): moreover, furthermore, in addition, what’s more, as well, etc.
  2) 引入原因(Cause): because (of), since, owing to, on account of, due to, as a result of, etc.
  3) 表示结果(Effect): as a result, hence, therefore, consequently, thus, so, etc.
  4) 表示转折(Contrasting): in / by contrast, on the contrary, on the other hand, nevertheless, whereas, while, yet, however, but, etc.
  5) 表示对比(Comparison): in like manner, likewise, in the same way, similarly, in comparison with, etc.
  6) 表示目的(Purpose): to this end, for this purpose, with this in mind, in order to, so that, etc.
  7) 二次解释(Intensification): indeed, in fact, in any event / case, at no time, to tell the truth, etc

  掌握了上面这些连接词和连接语之后,想必大家做阅读理解时会更有把握。大家一定要培养对这些连接词的敏感度,其后的重要信息不要放过,重点阅读。或者可以在试卷上用笔圈出这些连接词,以便定位答案。

版权所有:英语四级考试网 www.cet4v.com,转载请注明来源。