2018年6月英语四级翻译答案试卷二:公交(沪江)

公交车曾是中国人出行的主要交通工具。近年来,由于私家车数量不断增多,城市的交通问题越来越严重。许多城市为了鼓励更多人乘坐公交车出行,一直在努力改善公交车的服务质量。车辆的设施不断更新,车速也有了显著提高。然而,公交车的票价却依然相当低廉。现在,在大多数城市,许多当地老年市民都可以免费乘坐公交车。

基础版:

Bus was an important mode of transportation for Chinese people. In recent years, because the number of private cars has been increasing, the problem of traffic in cities has been more and more serious. To encourage more people to go out by bus, many cities have been trying hard to improve the quality of bus service. The equipment of buses is continually updating, and the speed of buses has been significantly improved too. However, the price of bus tickets is still very low. Nowadays, in many big cities, many local old people can take buses for free.

进阶版:

Bus used to be a main mode of transportation for Chinese people. In recent years, with the mounting number of private cars, the transportation issue in cities is becoming increasingly severe. Many cites have been making their efforts to improve the bus service in order to encourage more people to take buses when going out. The facilities of buses are updating continually. The speed is significantly improved as well. Nevertheless, bus fares are still quite low. Nowadays, local senior citizens in most cities are eligible for free bus rides.

第二组参考答案及解析:

过去,乘飞机出行对大多数中国人来说是难以想象的。如今随着经济的发展和生活水平的提高,越来越多的中国人包括许多农民和外出务工人员都能乘飞机出行。他们可以乘飞机到达所有大城市,还有许多城市也在筹建机场。航空服务不断改进,而且经常会有特价机票。近年来,节假日期间选择乘飞机外出旅游的人不断增加。

本次翻译难度较低,处理方式在上课时均有讲解。

词汇方面,交通工具的表达比较恰当的表达是mode of transportation,翻译成“traffic tool”其实并不是很妥当。“设施”一词的对应翻译“facility”如果不容易想到,可以选择更容易些的equipment。


句子方面,首句“公交车曾是中国人出行的主要交通工具。”如果想不到“used to be”这样比较地道的表达,简化版表达“Bus was an important…”想到大胆地使用出来。

长句“许多城市为了鼓励更多人乘坐公交车出行,一直在努力改善公交车的服务质量。”可以选择嵌套进一些词组(in order to)与从句(when going out)来丰富句式,争取高分,同样地,希望稳扎稳打的同学选用“To encourage…many cites have….”也是个不错的主意。

总之,只要课上所讲到的技巧大家都熟练掌握了,翻译部分得到12分左右应该是完全没有问题的。而要追求近乎满分的话,对考生的中英文功底都会有较高的需求。

基础版:

In the past, for most Chinese people, it was hard to imagine to travel by plane. Nowadays, with the development of economy and improvement of living standards, more and more Chinese people can travel by air, including farmers and people workers outside their hometown. They can take planes to all big cities. Many other cities are also planning to build airports. Air service is continually improving, and there are often flight tickets with special prices. In recent years, the number of people who travel by air on holidays has been increasing.

进阶版:

In old days, for most Chinese people, it was beyond imagination that we could travel by air. Nowadays, with the advancement of economy and improvement of living standard, there are a growing number of Chinese people, including farmers and migrant workers, are able to afford air traveling. All the big cities are their destinations while new airports are to be constructed in many other cities. Air service is continually improving, and sometimes there will be special offers for air tickets. In recent years, the number of people who choose to travel by air during holidays is constantly increasing.

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