2018年6月大学英语四级真题之阅读部分答案(三卷全,新东方)

第一套

选词填空,文章来源:Interesting Engineering — 《Skyscraper Covered in Solar Panels is Europe’s Largest”》
26. E) constructed
27. O) undertaken
28. F) consulted
29. M) range
30. N) scale
31. I) eventually
32 K) necessarily
33 L) production
34. A) cheaper
35 J) height

段落匹配,文章来源:BuzzFeed News— 《Some College Students Are Angry They Have To Pay To Do Their Homework》
36—K
37—D
38—M
39—G
40—B
41—L
42—H
43—F
44—J
45—C

传统阅读

第一篇,题目来源《Time 》— 《Why Teaching someone else is the best way to learn? 》
46.A. Seneca's thinking is still applicable today
解析:
问题:What are researchers rediscovering through their studies?
问题题干中的“researchers”和“today”是解题的关键,对应到文中第一段的“Now scientists are bringing this ancient wisdom up-to-date”。选项中“Seneca’s thinking “ 对应到“this ancient wisdom” ,而“still applicable”对应到“bring…up-to-date”,故答案为A
47.B. It is a teaching tool under development
解析:
问题:What do we learn about “Betty’s Brain”
根据“Betty’s Brian”定位,定位到第三段,而该段的段首便强调“ But the most cutting-edge tool under development is the “teaching agent” “ ,意味着整段文字要叙述的主要是和“ tool “有关的信息,且选项中的”under development”和原文信息重合,故答案为B
48 C. It helps them learn their academic subjects better.
解析:
问题:How does teaching others benefit student tutors?
根据顺序原则,定位区间在第三段中后部分。第三段最后两句话中“ While prepare to teach” ,“explain the information to others” 对应到“teaching others”,而“ organize their knowledge and improve their own understanding” 以及“identify problems in their own thinking ”则对应到选项中的“ learn their academic subjects better” .故答案为C

49 D. They use various ways to explain the materials.
解析:
问题:Whatdo students do to teach their teachable agents?
解析:根据顺序原则,定位到第四段。第四段中“ explain the materials in different ways ”恰好与选项中“ use various ways to explain the materials” 为信息的同义改写,故答案为D
50 B. Their emotional involvement
解析:
问题:What is the key factor that eases student tutors’ learning?
解析:根据顺序原则,以及“key” 对应到最后一段的第一句话。“key”与“Above all” 为同义改写,故答案应在此句中出现。“ Facilitate learning ” 对应到题干中“ eases student tutors’ learning”, 而“the emotions one experiences”则对应到选项的“Their emotional involvement”。故答案为B

第二篇,题目来源:Pew Research Center— 《On Pay Gap, Millennial Women Near Parity—For Now》
文章网址:http://www.pewsocialtrends.org/2013/12/11/on-pay-gap-millennial-women-near-parity-for-now/
51.A. They can get ahead only by striving harder.
52.C. They think it needs further improving.
53.B. Job stability and flexibility.
54.D. The balance between work and family.
55.A. They still this world as one dominated by males.

第二套

26 C-cast
27 L-replaced
28 F-efficient
29 J-professionals
30 E-decorative
31.G-electrified
32 I-photographed
33 B-approach
34 K-quality
35 H-identify
36-F
37-C
38-I
39-E
40-B
41-K
42-H
43-D
44-A
45-G
46 B Add to their work efficiency.
47 A Earn more money
48 C How long its positive effect lasts.
49 D Their memories were greatly strengthened.
50 A Find financial support.
51 C They all experienced terrible misfortunes.
52 B The utmost comfort passengers could enjoy.
53 A It was a mere piece of decoration.
54 D The belief that they could never sink with a double-layer body.
55 D she was retired after her naval service.

第三套

26. M-pollutants
27. N-restricted
28. C-consequence
29. J-innovation
30. F-detail
31. K-intended
32. L-outdoor
33. B-collaborating
34. I-inhabitants
35. E-creating
46. A. Not all of them are symptoms of dementia.
47. C. Communication within our brain weakens.
48. B. Inability to recall details of one’s life experience.
49. C. Turn to a professional for assistance.
50. D. Staying active both physically and mentally
51. B) It was stolen more than once
52. D) They pressed criminal charges in vain
53. D) His acknowlegement of helpful from a professional
54. D) Make it available online
55. B) Radical changes in archivong practices

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